Advanced aerogel for home comfort developed in Siberia
28 Jul '16
Scientists at the Institute of Catalysis and the Institute of Nuclear Physics in Novosibirsk, in Siberia, are making what they claim is a “unique” aerogel, a substance in which its liquid form has been completely replaced with a gaseous one. Aerogels could be used in research experiments and also, for example, in heat insulation for new buildings, portal Science in Siberia reported.
The scientific team has been in close partnership for this project with the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) in the U.S., supplying the new material for American research into the properties of hadrons. The material was earlier used in a range of experiments at Switzerland’s European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), and is now in demand for operation of the universal AMS02 detector at the International Space Station to identify the flow of protons, antiprotons, and nuclei.
The new aerogel can find its way into construction business as well. With its unique properties, including transparency for visible light, infrared impenetrability and heat accumulation, aerogel-based transparent panels could be placed inside double pane windows—which is expected to make it possible to build houses with huge, wall-sized windows even in frost-bitten Siberia and guarantee thermal comfort in such houses. The aerogel could also be put inside heat-insulating panels with vacuum between the walls, thus improving the panels’ characteristics considerably.