A group of Nizhny Novgorod scientists introduced a fertilizer that increases productivity by up to 45 percent. Its peculiarity is that to obtain high efficiency, native bacteria are used, that is, those that developed in the given territory.
“Many microbiological fertilizers are made on the basis of strains grown in laboratory conditions. Such fertilizers do not have the necessary set of adaptations and characteristics. We take samples from the site that the consumer wants and cultivate useful strains of local bacteria, from which the drug is subsequently created. This ensures its fastest possible introduction into the ecosystem,” said Evgeny Solomaikin, a postgraduate student in the Department of Ecology at the Institute of Biology and Biomedicine (IBBM) of Nizhny Novgorod Lobachevsky State University (NNSU).
New microbiological the preparation is a fertilizer based on bacteria of the genus Azotobacter chroococum as the main component, as well as other soil bacteria. These bacteria live in the roots of plants. They help the roots to develop and increase the resistance of plants to various diseases.
The new drug can be used both in reforestation and in agriculture. Tests of the novelty showed that after its application, the survival rate of the treated plants is 95-98 percent, the productivity of different crops is growing, and it becomes possible to completely abandon mineral fertilizers. Shelf life and product quality are increased, resistance to phytopathogenic pathogens and adverse climatic conditions is increased.
In addition, plants are freed from excessive concentrations of nitrates and nitrites, and the topsoil becomes more fertile. The consumption rate of the new drug is one liter per five tons of seeds, which is significantly less compared to traditional fertilizers.
The author of the idea and the curator of the project is Alexander Rechkin, Ph.D. (Biol.), Associate professor of the Department of Molecular Biology and Immunology, IBBM. The main motor of the project is Evgeny Solomaikin. Most recently, he graduated from the courses “Innovative Entrepreneurship” from NNSU, where the project was disassembled in detail and prepared for a big start. The team also includes a graduate of the Faculty of Economics of the UNN, Dmitry Novoselov and a third-year student of the Faculty of Chemistry of the UNN, Vitaliy Radbil.